Manzanar: Never Again to Anyone, Anywhere

It’s hard to put into words the thoughts and feelings that I experienced when I visited the historical site of the Manzanar Relocation Center. Manzanar is one of 10 relocation centers (or internment camp) where the United States forcibly imprisoned Japanese and Japanese-American citizens after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

It’s a place of injustice, a place of betrayal, a place of hardship and human suffering. And like any such place, out of it come stories of courage and perseverance, of kindness and forgiveness and hope. Since I’m not Japanese, and I have no personal involvement with the historical events the place was established as a National Park to preserve, I will just share the pictures and the links below and allow them to speak for themselves.

The one thing I can do is join my voice with that of others saying: Never Again to Anyone, Anywhere. The recent issues with Muslim Americans being profiled, watched, or detained because of their religion (and its association with terrorism, especially after the 9/11/2001 attack) makes this a very relevant issue for us today. Personally, I would not trade “safety” for the violation of innocent citizens’ rights (if such a trade could even be assured). I encourage every American who has the chance to visit this place and to take to heart the lessons of history, that they might not be repeated again.

A Photo Scrapbook

There was so much to see, and the exhibits do a very good job of sharing the story. These photos are a small sampling of the 150 or so that I took on my visit.

Annual Event at Manzanar

The next annual pilgrimage to Manzanar is coming up April 29th, 2017. The theme this year is Never Again To Anyone, Anywhere! 75th Commemoration of Executive Order 9066. Get details on the Manzanar Committee blog.

Related Links

 

Whatever happened to collecting our Dead Darlings?

Changing the Dead Darlings schedule

Bring me your dead darlingsI posted a meme a while back declaring that I would give your dead darlings eternal life here on my site. Originally, I thought to post about it at the end of each month.

But every month was too often.

So we’re going to target something a little less frequent (and more intriguing). After rejecting the idea of doing every Friday the 13th (which was the first thing that springs to mind when we’re talking about the dead), I decided we’d share our lost loves whenever there was a super moon, since these happen about 3-4 times a year.

What’s a Super Moon?

Supermoon as seen from Washington on 2013-06-23. Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

Supermoon as seen from Washington on 2013-06-23. Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

A “super moon” is when the moon is closest to the earth (which sometimes makes it appear slightly larger in the sky).

The Supermoon on November 14, 2016, was the closest (356,509 km from Earth) since January 26, 1948 (356,460 km). The next time a Full Moon will come even closer to Earth is on November 25, 2034 (356,445 km, dates based on UTC time).

New schedule for Dead Darlings posts

  • Thursday, May 25 (new Moon 357,209 km from the Earth) *
  • Saturday, June 24 (new Moon 357,937 km from the Earth)
  • Sunday, December 3 (full Moon 357,495 km from the Earth)

Source: https://www.vercalendario.info/en/when/next-super-moon.html 

Just remember, only one of the super moons in 2017 is during a FULL moon, so don’t go looking in the sky for a huge moon until December. (I know, bummer, huh?)

* EDIT: Bwahahahaha! May 25 came and went while I was on an 18-day road trip. Oops. Shooting for June 24, then!

Save your Dead Darlings in a morgue

If you’d like to participate in this mourning process for dead darlings, I recommend starting a “morgue” file (or Scrivener project) where you collect your dead darlings as you edit. Those beautiful gems that just don’t fit the moment, those descriptive passages that slowed down the action too much but who shine on their own like stars. Put them in a little drawer in your writing morgue and save them for the next super moon.

Then subscribe to my blog (or watch my Facebook page) and you’ll be notified when I do a Dead Darlings post. Or just mark your calendar for the dates above. Let’s mourn together, and celebrate together the (brief) lives of our sparkling word gems.

An editing tip from Nail Your Novel

While we’re on the subject, here’s an insightful tip from the lovely Roz Morris on recognizing dead darlings: Writers, are you showing off or sharing? A way to kill your darlings.

How to weave socio-political issues into fiction: One golden rule and three tips

 Divergent - Tris fight

The golden rule: The story is king

Of course the story is king! It seems obvious, but sometimes authors get off track and climb onto a soapbox.

If you’ve ever written a story and received feedback that it was “too preachy”, I have a few tips that might help. (Useful for avoiding this trap before you ever fall into it, too.)

Should you just avoid social issues in fiction?

No. Many speculative stories include social issues. In fact, if your world-building is thorough you should have many issues woven into the story. Here are a few books that come to mind:

  • The Foundation series by Isaac Asimov (actually, just about anything he wrote covered social issues of some kind)
  • Ender’s Game by Orson Scott Card
  • Divergent by Veronica Roth
  • Red Rising by Pierce Brown
  • The Lord of the Rings series by J.R.R. Tolkien

If your story has politics (Ender’s Game: Should the government restrict how many children one has, and should they have the power to draft them into military service at a young age?), if your story has different characters arguing over the right path to take (The Fellowship of the Ring: Should we use the One Ring to defeat Sauron, or destroy it?), then you’ll need to deal with this challenge.

Boromir and the One Ring

How can you avoid the soapbox pitfall?

I use three simple (though not always easy) rules of thumb:

1) Research

Research issues enough that the story resonates with people who face those issues in real life. A little bit of research can go a long way. A few little details sprinkled into the story can make the difference in hitting home with readers who can relate to what the characters are experiencing.

2) Represent

Sympathetically represent several sides of an issue, so the issue doesn’t appear one dimensional (real life is rarely so black and white). During the research phase, seek to understand 2-3 major views on the topic and then assign these views to several characters in the story. How much airtime you give to each side is up to you, but if you only mention one side of the issue, this is far more likely to trigger the soapbox alert in your readers’ minds.

3) Relate

Let the characters debate the issue in such a way that the reader is free to side with whomever they personally relate to. This requires that your cast of characters includes diverse worldviews, which will make your story stronger anyway. Stories thrive on conflict, and even your hero’s best friend should disagree with your hero on some subjects. I’ve noticed that more movies today are including minor characters that different groups can relate to. Sometimes we sneer at the “token” minority or “token” religious person in a story, but it can be handled well.

Yes, the social issue can be central

Red Rising quoteEven if you start a story with the intention of illustrating a social issue or presenting a moral argument surrounding such an issue, the story itself must stand on its own. There are many gripping stories centering around a social issue: human trafficking, racial tensions, life under an oppressive regime, overcoming poverty or addiction, dealing with bullies, overcoming family drama, reconciling violently different religious views.

Including a social issue in your fiction is not the problem. Seeking to convince someone else that a certain side of the social issue is “right” and all other views are evil and wrong is the problem. Readers come to a story wanting a rewarding emotional experience. Have you ever enjoyed someone telling you how you should think? How you should choose? No, that’s not an enjoyable experience. Keep that in mind.

Yes, the story can lean one way or another

Most readers don’t like a perfectly balanced middle line, either. “Drugs can be good. And sometimes drugs can be bad.” That’s not a story.

“Drugs weren’t a problem until she started depending on them for things they could not possibly provide. Once she stepped over the line into drug abuse, tragedy was inevitable. Only the love of friends and incredible personal courage pulled her back from a horrific end.” There’s drama in there, danger, love and courage. That’s a story. (If you can think of a better example, please include it in the comments. I’m feeling dry at the moment!)

Because readers actually (consciously or subconsciously) want a conclusion to the tension of some social issues, it’s natural to weight the issue slightly in favor of one view or another. Most people would agree that drug abuse is harmful, even if they don’t agree whether or not drugs should be illegal, or which drugs should be freely available. Represent several different views, but your protagonist will have a specific experience, and a specific bias. The voices of other characters should balance this out. In some stories, the social issue won’t be directly addressed by the characters, it will just be part of the landscape.

The Help by Kathryn Stockett

Either way, as long as you illustrate more than one side, it’s okay to lean slightly in favor of one side or another, as long as it does not distract from the story itself.

Which books handle social issues well?

Share in the comments some books that handle social issues well without crossing the line into “preachy”.

 

Tech Fix: When Windows is so far behind on updates that it won’t update anymore

I know that most people subscribed to my blog don’t care about this issue. I’m glad they don’t, because it’s not something I’d wish on anyone! Which is why I’m going to publish this fix, because if it helps someone else (like my post on how to make Scrivener display properly on high-res laptops did), then it’s worth it. Loyal email subscribers, just delete this post if you don’t need it.

Neglecting Windows Updates is a Bad Idea

I’m not sure how it happened, but my desktop PC got over one year behind on Windows updates. It was late December 2016 when I realized that my last successful update was in September 2015. Doh!

You see, I’d chosen to manually update Windows, rather than having it happen automatically whenever Microsoft chooses. I get a notification, but can ignore it. Apparently, I’d ignored it for over a year! It was that quiet time right before Christmas, and I decided I would leave my computer on and let it do some updating.

But after a while I realized that nothing was happening!

There was no error. Just hours and hours of this:

How I worked it out

I searched Google for things like, “windows 7 update hangs while searching computer for updates“.

According to the fix on this Super User entry, there was a July 2016 update from Microsoft to how the Windows Updater works. It seemed possible that my computer couldn’t download updates because Microsoft’s site was providing them differently than before and my old update software couldn’t receive it.

The fix offered links to manually download and install some of the new updater software, but how could I get the updater I have to stop automatically trying to update?

I found another fix on Super User explaining how to disable the updater software:

  1. Go to the Start Menu, type services.msc and press Return
  2. Scroll to find Windows Update and double-click
  3. Change the startup type from Automatic to Manual or Disabled (whichever you prefer)

This askvg.com fix provided even more links to Microsoft updates that would help, so I downloaded and installed those, too.

But it still wasn’t working

That’s when I discovered what none of those “fix” pages explained properly (probably because it was obvious to anyone who knows what they’re doing).

Some updates aren’t applied unless you Shut Down

I had tried Restarting my computer. It didn’t help.

I saw no messages explaining what to do next. You know how sometimes a message pops up from Windows saying, “You need to reboot to apply these updates. Would you like to do it now?”

That didn’t happen.

The missing piece of the puzzle? Some updates require that you go to the Start Menu and select Shut down. Not Sleep. Not Restart. Shut down.

Windows Shut down

It’s so simple.

It’s the secret magic trick and nobody was talking about.

I hope it helps somebody out there who needs it as much as I did.

 

Inspiration for Writers: Weird animals, places and history

Every once in a while during my online wanderings, I find a gold mine. Atlas Obscura is a collection of weird and interesting facts (people, places, inventions, animals, discoveries), sure to spark ideas in the writer’s brain.

The posts are short and usually photo-rich, and you can even have a digest of them delivered to your inbox for ongoing inspiration. Check out the sampling below!

18 Abandoned Psychiatric Hospitals

18 Abandoned Psychiatric Hospitals

Oh, my goodness! Look at these creepy hallways, eroding walls, dirty windows and cracked floors. If you need visuals for a horror story or even just somewhere spooky your characters spend a night in while they’re on the run or on a dare, these photos will come in handy. So many stories are crying out from the bones of these abandoned places.

El Caracol – the observatory of Chichen Itza

El Caracol -The Observatory of Chichen Itza

Does your story’s culture pre-date planetariums and telescopes? That doesn’t mean they can’t have a keen understanding of the movement of the stars. Check out this ancient Mayan observatory for ideas.

Geckolepis megalepis – a lizard that loses its scales when you touch it

Geckolepis megalepis

Want some unique aliens or animal species in your fantasy or scifi story? Or even something weird right here on Earth today? This lizard gives me several interesting ideas!

Places you should include in your ‘Quest for the Holy Grail’ story

6 Stops on the Hunt for the Holy Grail

Writing about the Holy Grail? Here are some locations to consider including. The article also has links to related fascinating places, like tunnels under Jerusalem, a “money pit”, and a place where Nazis are suspected to have performed pagan rituals.

Feral bunnies are taking over Las Vegas

Feral Bunnies in Las Vegas

C’mon, tell me that doesn’t sound like the basis for a hilarious (or horrific) short story? And if bunnies are too “cute” for you, try this one: Found: Giant, Swimming, Venomous Centipedes.

France’s Burle Triangle

France's Burle Triangle

The Bermuda Triangle isn’t the only place where planes have disappeared under mysterious circumstances. In France, the Burle “Triangle of Death” is where more than 60 victims died in plane crashes. These incidents are said to be accompanied by strange events and UFO sightings.

Now Share Yours!

If you write a story using something from Atlas Obscura, let us know in the comments. Share your favorite writer’s inspiration sites, too!

6 Social Media Survival Tips: Staying Sane in a Toxic Online Environment

By Jspeed1310 (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsThis fall and winter I’ve heard more friends talk about social media pain than ever before. Unfriending over politics isn’t new. Long before friendships went online, there was a long-standing social rule (in some circles) about not talking politics or religion. At least not at social gatherings that were intended to remain pleasant.

But online communication creates an environment in which some people feel that they are free to be rude, nasty or insensitive without the usual consequences they would experience if they’d behaved that way face to face. Even people who are normally polite are lulled into expressing raw emotions without concern for the feelings of the person receiving their words.

I’m no expert, but I’ve collected a few strategies that have helped me keep my sanity (and some friendships) in the midst of this bizarre social landscape we live in today.

1. Let them vent

If someone is ranting about something they saw online, something that happened to them, or a pet peeve, that is not the time to offer a friendly, contrasting viewpoint. It may look like a great chance to debate a topic or have a lively discussion, but if you are seeking a real “meeting of the minds”, then save your arguments for another time.

People who are venting want to vent. Give them a sympathetic nod, an understanding pat on the back, or just hold your tongue. If you really want to discuss the topic in a rational way, then wait a while (at least a few days or a week) and introduce the topic on your own account and invite them to join the conversation.

Beware: Sometimes emotional venting is hidden in the trappings of intellectual discussion.

2. Know your own bias

Everybody has a history. Each person’s education, personal experience, and passion fuels his or her position on any number of hot social topics. It is possible that if you walked in their shoes for their lifetime, your own conclusions would be similar. Embrace the reality that your own biases color your view of the world and no doubt blind you in some areas, and speak from that understanding. Even the things you are convinced to your bones are absolutely true may be significantly influenced by your personal filters.

Hold your conclusions loosely, especially on topics that have a history of controversy and contradictory conclusions based on the same body of evidence. If scientists, investigators or philosophers haven’t resolved the debate in decades (or centuries), what makes you so special? The mind that is not willing to give a nod to a different interpretation of the evidence is a small one.

3. Humility over hubris

I’ll say this one again: Many hot topics have been controversial for decades or even centuries. Do you really think that you are the pinnacle of human intelligence and have somehow gathered all the answers? Oh, I see. You have a degree in this subject or you’ve been studying it for years. Or at least, you have a quote from an expert that sums up the whole debate in 25 words or less. Surely then, you know it all.

Yes, that was sarcasm. Yes, sarcasm is a bad idea when seeking rational discussion online. But since I’m not talking about you personally (you’re too smart to fall into that trap, after all), I hope you weren’t offended.

If there’s anything I’ve observed in my time on this earth, it is that the body of human knowledge is ever-increasing, ever-changing and highly subjective. Even “science” is incredibly limited in its scope, as any true scientist should be willing to admit. Constantly, new things are being discovered, long-held conclusions are being challenged, and hypotheses that have become traditionally held as fact are being debunked.

Be open to the idea that “the other guy” could be right, no matter how certain you may feel that he is not.

4. Do not assume idiocy, evil or incompetence

A common pitfall in social interactions involving any form of debate is the vilification of your opponent. Not just as a form of attack to dismantle their argument or credibility during the debate, but as a basic assertion in your own mind. This is a terrible trap. The disrespect of others closes your mind and heart to hearing anything of value that they might offer.

For those of us truly interested in understanding the others with whom we share the earth, it’s important to exercise a level of tolerance beyond the average. Look for points of agreement, wherever possible. We each may feel that our way is the best and highest way, but viewing others as “less than” ourselves is always a step in the wrong direction.

5. Remember who they are IRL

With the advent of social media, many of us have been surprised by the politics we discovered under the surface of our co-workers, relatives, friends from college and high school, fellow church-goers, or celebrities. Have you found yourself uncomfortable with the social posts of people you know in real life? It’s time think back to the times you’ve enjoyed their company. Meals shared, activities attended together, friendship and support exchanged.

If those interactions carry the weight of authentic friendship, if you know when you look in their eyes that they care about you, yet the news stories and vitriolic memes they share disturb you, I encourage you to take action. Either forgive them their poor choice of memes or challenge them on it in a face-to-face conversation. Explore the friendship and determine whether it is real or not, whether it is something you value and want to keep — or not.

6. When necessary, remove yourself

What level of tolerance do you actually want to practice? “Tolerance” sounds like a worthy thing, and in theory it seems like it would result in peace. At the same time, tolerating (continually putting yourself around) a dramatically different viewpoint can be stressful and trigger your body’s fight or flight responses. This is not a healthy way to live, day to day. There are times when it is wise to remove yourself from this sort of stress — by removing those viewpoints from your social media feeds. Unfollowing or unfriending is a legit way to preserve your own health, when done without malice for the purpose of remaining at peace.

This post is bursting with bias

See the biases in my post?

I value diversity in friendship: I tend to want to keep friends around, even when we disagree on some things.

I value perspective: Emotions don’t hold as much weight for me as the long view of history and of my life’s legacy.

I value peace: Even though I like having friends who think differently and I want to be open to a variety of perspectives, I’d rather walk away than keep strife in my life.

What do you value? How do you stay sane in the midst of social media insanity? Share in the comments.